Automation of production is nowadays a priority for many production plants. This is mainly due to the desire to achieve benefits in the form of: reduction of production costs, ensuring repeatable quality and full control over the production process, or reduction of risks resulting from human-machine cooperation.
The latter element is often decisive when choosing a production method. The safety of the crew is a priority for companies today. This is due not only to the care for the quality of work, but also of great economic importance. In addition, nowadays the lack of qualified staff is becoming more and more noticeable.
In order to improve security, the European Union imposed on the member states in 2009 the use of the so-called New Approach Directives (eg Machinery Directive 2006/42 / EC). This document presents a number of guidelines on how to anticipate dangerous situations already at the design stage. The directive refers, inter alia, to the PN-EN-ISO 12100 standard, in which the risk analysis is described in detail. Thanks to the risk evaluation, it is possible at the stage of creating the machine (its design) to eliminate potential dangerous events that could cause possible damage not only at the stage of using the machine, but also its transportation or even scrapping.
It is therefore worth noting that modern solutions in the field of industrial automation and construction of production lines significantly guarantee a very high level of safety, thus protecting the personnel. The guarantee that the machine meets the requirements of the Directive is the so-called CE mark and EC declarations of conformity. Safety is guaranteed by the use of appropriate measures in the form of, for example, safe solutions in themselves, the use of appropriate guards or devices that will adequately react in potentially dangerous situations.